Despite escalated border tensions between China and India over the last few years, Chinese investors have increasingly invested in the Indian startup ecosystem with a focus on Internet technology businesses, says GlobalData, a leading data analytics company.
Kiran Raj, Principal Disruptive Tech Analyst at GlobalData comments: “Chinese investors are highly motivated to invest in the Internet startups of India, which is the second-most populous country with more than 500 million Internet users. Moreover, the lack of tech giants to invest huge amounts of money in the country’s startups at a desirable speed is often driving young Indian entrepreneurs to look out to China for quick capital.”
An analysis of the deals database of GlobalData’s Disruptor Intelligence Center reveals 12x growth of Chinese investments in Indian startups over the last four years from US$381m in 2016 to US$4.6bn in 2019. The majority of the unicorns in India (17 out of 24) are currently backed by both corporates and pure-play investment firms from China, predominantly Alibaba and Tencent.
“Until last year, undeterred by any geopolitical tensions, China placed considerable bets on Indian tech startups anticipating significant growth in the medium to long-term”
Alibaba and its affiliate Ant Financial along with others invested over US$2.6bn in four Indian unicorns: US$1.3bn in fintech and e-commerce startup Paytm, US$500m in e-commerce startup Snapdeal, US$455m in online food and grocery delivery startup BigBasket, and US$362m in online food aggregator and delivery startup Zomato.
Tencent alongside others invested more than US$2.4bn in five unicorns: US$1.1bn in cab aggregator Ola, US$1.0bn in online food delivery startup Swiggy, US$175m in social messaging app Hike, US$100m in Fantasy sports startup Dream11 and US$71m in ed-tech startup BYJU’s.
Other notable Chinese investors active in the Indian startup ecosystem include Meituan-Dianping, Didi Chuxing, Fosun, Shunwei Capital, Hillhouse Capital Group, China Lodging Group, and China-Eurasia Economic Cooperation Fund.
Raj concludes: “Until last year, undeterred by any geopolitical tensions, China placed considerable bets on Indian tech startups anticipating significant growth in the medium to long-term. However, the recent border conflict and the tightening of India’s FDI policy amid COVID-19 as a caution to avoid takeover or acquisition of distressed assets by border-sharing nations may turn a blockade to Chinese investors in achieving their investment goals. Nevertheless, it is only a temporary measure and the long-term impact can only be realized in the future given the significance bilateral investment relations between the two countries.”
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