The Indian Film Festival of Melbourne (IFFM) kicked off recently with Bollywood’s cult classic curry-western Sholay in 3D format. This year IFFM is screening 46 films from four countries in 17 languages, including Urdu, Nepalese, Himachli, Sinhala, and Sherdukpen. It’s the biggest film festival of its type in the southern hemisphere – but it has attracted criticism from some in the Indian community in Melbourne for its failure to nurture ties between local filmmakers and the industry in India.
So what’s going on?
In 2012, the Victorian Government started the Indian Film Festival of Melbourne. This year, there is a strong set of films on the program that have been recognised with international awards, including Ship of Theseus, The Lunch Box, Lakshmi, Filmistaan, Liar’s Dice, Jal, Apur Panchali and Lucia.
The festival includes films from Pakistan (Waar and Good Morning Karachi), Bangladesh (Pipra Bidya), Nepal (Pailahuru), and Sri Lanka (Thanha Rathi Ranga, Bombs and Roses and Miles of a Dream); it’s really a film festival of the Indian subcontinent.
The IFFM has attracted both positive and negative attention from Indian, Australian and Indian-Australian community media.
Firstly, the mode of funding has attracted some comment.
Mind Blowing Films, a Melbourne film distribution company that distributes Indian films for theatrical releases in Australia, New Zealand and Fiji won the tender for A$450,000 funding to curate the festival over three years.
To put that figure in context, the Victorian government tends to award around A$10,000 to support film festivals for other national groups and provides the Melbourne Film Festival withA$1.5 million annually,
IFFM, presented with the support of Film Victoria, is a not-for-profit event backed by commercial sponsors, including Mind Blowing Films.
The potential for conflict of interest for Mind Blowing Films has concerned some in the community. In 2012, the company was criticised for putting films from its distribution network that had already received theatrical release on the program – and effectively rebadging them as a festival entry.
Since 2010, Mitu Bhowmick Lange, the director of Mind Blowing Films, has also been running a film festival in Sydney, Melbourne, Perth and Auckland, titled Bollywood & Beyond that showcases almost the same films as IFFM. Mind Blowing Films and the funding body have argued that the festivals are different but there is clearly some obvious overlaps.
IFFM could be a fantastic opportunity to showcase the breadth of Indian cinema: Indian/Indian-Australian independent cinema(s), documentaries, short/digital films, parallel/arthouse and regional films. Over three years, it has not been so successful in this regard and the IFFM largely remains an event to showcase hand-picked Bollywood films and filmmakers.
The inclusion of some regional films in the 2014 program, such as Apur Panchali and Lucia are a promising sign of a new future direction.
Where are the locals?
In a 2012 media release the IFFM promised that it would invite local filmmakers to participate in order to strengthen ties between the Indian film community in Australia and in India.
Since then, however, it has overlooked, the likes of Chayan Sarkar, Ana Tiwary, Anupam Sharma, Stanley Joseph, M. Shamim Khan, Alex Singh, and Sandeep Raj. Given the film festival is funded by the Victorian government, many in the local Indian community want to see a greater role for local film makers.
There are a few notable Australian films that would be a good fit for IFFM, such as Boyd Hicklin’s Save your Legs (funded by the Victorian Government in 2011); Winston Furlong’s Taj, and Lisa Sabina Harney’s Satyagraha – Truth Force that haven’t screened at IFFM.
The present advisory board of IFFM includes many heavy hitters – such as Manika Jain (Consul General of India, Melbourne), Anthony Pratt (Executive Chairman of Visy), Pamela Chopra(Producer, Yash Raj Films), Simi Garewal (Actress), Ronnie Screwala (Founder, UTV Group), and Vikramjit Roy (Executive Producer) – but missing are the voices of local community leaders.
Their input is needed to strengthen the IFFM’s relationship to the local community. For example, there’s a growing Indian population in regional Victoria. By extending the festival to regional theatres, where they do not screen Indian films, a new contour would be given to cross-cultural engagement at both urban and regional levels.
Given the excitement that the films and celebrities at an event such as IFFM generates, it’s an excellent opportunity to strengthen people-to-people relations, and not just build business ties – while audiences enjoy the diverse spectacle that is Indian film.
Dr Amit Sarwal is Alfred Deakin Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation (CCG), Deakin University, Australia and also the Founding Convenor of Australia-India Interdisciplinary Research Network (AIIRN). His co-edited collection titled Bollywood and Its Other(s): Towards New Configurations will be released in October 2014 by Palgrave Macmillan (UK).
Published in The Indian Sun (Indian Magazine in Melbourne)
Originally published in The Conversation